André Lhote

French, 1885-1962 Biography

A French sculptor and painter, Andre Lhote worked in modernist styles including Fauvism and Cubism and was part of a group of revolutionaries including Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia and Jacques Villon.

He was born in Bordeaux and as a twelve-year old apprenticed to a sculptor and furniture maker and learned to work in wood. The next year, 1898, he enrolled in The Ecole des Beaux Arts in Bordeaux and studied decorative sculpture. During this time, he began painting, and in 1905, much admiring Paul Gaughin and Paul Cezanne, set up his own studio for painting. In 1910, he had his first one-man exhibition, which was held in Bordeaux at the Galerie Druet. By 1914, he had moved to Paris.

During World War I, his art career was interrupted by service in the army. After his discharge in 1917, he painted with Cubists and co-founded Nouvelle Revue Français, an art journal for which he did writing until 1940.

Andre Lhote was also a teacher at schools in Paris including one he founded in 1922 in Montparnasse and at the Académie Notre-Dame des Champs. He also lectured widely on art in Europe, and served as President of the International Association of Painters, Engravers and Sculptors.

He died in 1962 in Paris.